Hey, guys! It’s a new month!! (I’m sorry, I didn’t realise you had calendars. Lol).
A couple of days ago, I was scrolling through my IG timeline; of course minding my business. In the process, I saw a post by a public figure where she was trying to tell her followers her ‘secret’ to looking good. What caught my attention was the part where she said she drinks MORE THAN 15 bottles of nestle 60cl bottle water every day. 15 bottles of 60cl water is 9L of water. Imagine what your 10L petrol keg looks like? More than 15 bottles is about that. I couldn’t mind my business anymore at this point. Lol.
This brings me to today’s topic; Hyponatremia a.k.a water intoxication. Water intoxication is the disruption of the brain cells due to drinking too much water. When you drink too much water, it dilutes the blood and also dilutes the electrolytes in the blood. Sodium is responsible for maintaining fluid levels inside and outside cells. When the sodium level in the blood drops below the recommended values, it causes fluid to enter the cells and the cells become turgid (remember osmosis from biology?). Cell turgidity, especially in the brain, can be very dangerous and life threatening. Water intoxication can cause severe damage to the brain stem and the central nervous system. It can lead to seizures, cardiac arrest, severe brain damage, coma and sometimes, even death. I have once read about a man who drank 10L of water consecutively for three days and he eventually died of cardiac arrest. How much water is too much water? The adequate daily water intake for men is about 3.7L while the adequate daily water intake for women is about 2.7L. We should keep in mind that these values also include water gotten from food and beverages. Water intoxication occurs when more water than the kidney can expel through urine is consumed. The kidney can only expel about 1L of water every hourT but has the capacity to expel between 20-28L of water per day. It is, therefore, advisable to not exceed 1L of water every hour (also leaving allowance for water from food and beverages). Water intoxication is not only about how much water you drink but also about the period of time it takes to consume a particular amount of water.
For instance, it is safer to consume 10L of water over a 10-12 hour period as opposed to consuming the same amount of water within 3 hours. It is however highly recommended to listen to your body; drink water when you are thirsty. This way, you are sure you are within good hydration levels and are also not at risk of water intoxication. However, listening to your body every time may not work for everyone. Pregnant women, athletes, soldiers, etc need to consume a little bit more (these are the set of people who are more predisposed to water intoxication). If you think you need to drink more water, feel free to do that but pay attention to how much water you consume. If you have to drink a lot of water, consume it over a period of time and not all at once.
Always remember; Moderation is key. I’m here if you have any questions regarding this post or any of the previous posts. I would also love to get feedback from you. Till next week,
Till next week, *Kisses*.